What is the system of water distribution of water of ganga river in urban and rural areas?

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  1. The Ganges River

    India has one main fresh water supply that runs through parts of India and this river is called the "Ganges River". The saddest part about this wonderful and magnificent river that supplies most of India’s fresh water is that it has been polluted. There are many sources of pollutions that contaminate this river and some of these belong to the religion and beliefs of India. The reason I have said this is because, the people of India believe that dumping the ashes of dead bodies into the Ganges River will bring good luck and that it may improves one’s next life or even to make Moksha, or the rebirth of oneself, happen a lot sooner. Another reason why I say it is part of their beliefs, is that they believe by washing their face with the water of the Ganges River their sins will be washed away. The reason for all of these belief problems are that the pollutants from the ashes of the dead bodies are very toxic. Due to the large population of India, it is possbile to say that there will be more deaths and, because of India religious beliefs, more ashes will flow into the Ganges River. This is very bad because if the people are exposed to hazardous accumulations, it is bad for their health. The other reasons are that people drink from this river and to drink water that contains pollutants and ashes of the dead people is very unhygienic causing many water related diseases and illnesses such as diarrhea. The people of India use this source of water for cleanliness and to keep themselves from dehydrating but, with all these pollutants in the water, it is very easy for bacteria to germinate and very easy for a person to catch some kind of water related disease.

    The other cause for the polluted water is the number of industries that exist in India. The machinery used require a lot of fuel resulting in much toxic waste being produced in the factories. All this has to go somewhere and this is more often than not into the river or waste lands. The worst factories of all in India that produce many chemicals and waste are the leather industry. These industries use vast amount of chemicals and chromium, which is bad for the environment. These pollutants and toxic waste end up in the Ganges River and that it flows through the water which people drink from. This makes the condition of the water unsuitable for drinking and that all the people in India must drink water in order to survive or else they will die or suffer from dehydration.

    As part from the leather industry, there are many causes for the pollution and water conditions of the water. One of these that contribute the most waste is the sheer volume of waste that is dumped into the river everyday. It is estimated about 1 billion litres, usually untreated raw sewage and other rubbish is dumped into the rivers. This is awful because it is unhygienic for the people who live near the river. Also this makes the water even more polluted making it unsuitable to drink, leaving the people who live there, need to import fresh water from another place and for those who can’t afford it, wait for the nest rain. Also, inadequate cremation procedures to burn the body into ashes cause the dead bodies to spread all the bacteria into the river.

    There are many factors that have to do with India’s water and that one of them is how much of it is left for the people living there to drink. One of the other problems with the water of India is that there isn’t enough fresh water for the whole country to drink. Some of the factors that make this fact true is that the population of India is evergrowing and by having a large number of people living in a small country, it reduces the amount of fresh water able to be used per person and how most of the water is used for human drinking before rain can refill it. Another factor is that statistics prove that there is enough water available, but with uneven distribution of water over the country, an average of 0.9 billion over 1.1 billion, has water shortages, and this is called water scarcity (where the people don’t have enough water to meet the recommended requirements for a human). There are many other factors that make the fact true and some of them are the quality of water useable for consuming. Sewerage and agriculture runoff is a major issue in which contamination is high in the water and is part of the reason why the water in rivers and lakes, are being polluted making water unsafe to drink, hence, less water for everyone and less fresh water in India.

    There have been many efforts made by the government and by the people of India to make the water cleaner and to make sure no or less amounts of toxic waste and untreated sewerage goes into it, to ensure safe drinking water and to reduce water related diseases that are caused by unsafe drinking water. Waste treatment facilities are being made in order to keep the pollution level in the water minimum as possible. Also many people in India is now trying to make the water cleaner by supporting their government to make the water more safer and about $33 million have been used to make the water more cleaner. There is also more water clarity in the water and less murkiness in it. Other actions have been made by the government to make the water cleaner by making sure agriculture runoff is to be reduced to the most minimum as possible.

    Overall, the condition of the water in India compared to the clean water in Australia is terrible and unsuitable for drinking. Fortunately the government of India is planning to build waste treatment facilities to make the water way more cleaner. Apart from all the negatives, there have been efforts to make the water cleaner and safe enough for the people to drink. Statistics also prove that the government has already used 33 million dollars to help with the sewerage problem. The reason why they are conducting these works is simple, they want the water there to be clean and to make the Ganges River a more pleasant place to live. It is estimated that a person needs about 5 litres of water a day to survive and that this doesn’t include any hygienic things such as cleaning and keeping clean. These are the main conditions of the Ganges River and that I hope you people do learn something from all this information. The lesson is that we shouldn’t just take fresh water from the taps or from the stores for granted. Also we shouldn’t waste water because it is precious and that all life on earth depends on it for survival.

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